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The Margaret E. Haughawout Collection

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Margaret E. Haughawout (1874-1964)

Margaret E. Haughawout (1874-1964)

Born in Fairmont, Nebraska, on September 21, 1874, Margaret Elizabeth Haughawout started her academic career by receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree from Hastings College, Hastings, Nebraska, in 1900 and a Master of Arts degree from the University of Nebraska in 1903. From 1903 to 1906 she was an Instructor of English at Hastings College and a Professor of English at Alma College, Alma, Michigan, from 1906 to 1911. From 1911 to 1919 she was Dean of Women at Knox School for Girls in Tarrytown, New York. In 1919 she was elected the County Superintendent of Schools for Filmore County, Nebraska, serving until 1923. She came to the Kansas State Teachers College in Pittsburg, now Pittsburg State University, in 1923 as an Associate Professor of English. She retired from that position in 1934 but returned to the classroom as an instructor of English from 1945 to 1951. Margaret Haughawout died on December 28, 1964.

Ms. Haughawout, in addition to her teaching, also published numerous poems, short stories, and professional articles under her own name and pseudonyms. In 1929 a collection of her poems was published under the title Sheep's Clothing. Most of the creative writing activity of Pittsburg centered around Haughawout. In addition to regular classes, she inaugurated the "Monday Nighters," a group of students who met regularly with her in her home, usually on Monday nights, for the purpose of reading their manuscripts. The group had no official name, no organization, no dues, officers, or insignia. Yet students vied for invitations to become part of the group and from them came works published in the Saturday Review of Literature, Braithwaite's Anthologies of Magazine Verse, and numerous poetry journals, magazines, and newspapers. In 1930 Ms. Haughawout edited and published Pittsburg College Verse, 1924-1930, a collection of the best work of her creative writing classes and the "Monday Nighters."

Although Ms. Haugawout gave every attention to her students, this did not require all of her time. Saving money for trips to Europe, she was able to keep up with the absolute latest in continental literature, which she shared with her classes. Long an individualist, in 1930 her fiery spirit led her to buy a man's suit, tie and all, which she wore to classes, parties, and other functions. This act was not a mere test of peer response, but also empirical research for an article she intended to write on men's clothing. She concluded that it was comfortable, economical, and practical. The reverberations of a lady wearing pants, however, went all the way to the college President's office, where Ms. Haughawout eventually stood to explain herself. Later she had her picture for the 1931 yearbook taken in the suit.

Following a sabbatical leave in 1933, Ms. Haughawout returned to find that her job was no longer available. This she had anticipated and was prepared to accept. It was all part of what she labeled the "Great Plan," which was to become as nearly self-sufficient as possible. Until 1945, when she returned to teaching during the teacher shortage, Haughawout lived entirely on her publications, gardening, and the meager dividends of a few earlier investments. After her second retirement, she remained popular with her students and succeeding generations of writers on the campus. Her diaries recount that she daily received from three to thirteen visitors.

Helen Kelso Carney in the introduction to her book, Soyan Francais, states of Ms. Haughawout, "I used to wish that I had the gift for teaching that my freshman English teacher enjoyed. She expected us not only to listen to her lectures, but also to think with her about the meaning behind the words. If my mind wandered for a second from her train of thought, I floundered off course for the rest of the class period and she knew it. I envied the way she controlled and inspired her classes and wished that I had been given a compelling personality like hers. Later I knew her as a colleague and found out that she owed her ability to hold students' attention less to personal magnetism than to careful planning and a continuing war against distractions."

Collection #11

Haughawout, Margaret Elizabeth (1874-1964)
Papers, 1901-1985

1.3 linear feet


The correspondence, diaries, manuscripts, publications, clippings, and photographs of an English teacher and author. Includes family history and papers relating to several memorial events and publications that celebrated the life and work of Haughawout.


Most of the materials in the Margaret Haughawout Papers were donated to Pittsburg State University by the Haughawout family in 1968-1969 and 1983. Other materials came from Haughawout's friends and her former students, including the following: Gene DeGruson in 1968; Mary Jugg Molek in 1974 and 1975; Theodore Sperry in 1977; and Ray Heady in 1982 and 1987. No date is known for other donations coming from John Reinecke, Frances McKenna, and Helen Kelso Carney.


~ ~ See above ~ ~


The bulk of the materials in the Margaret E. Haughawout Papers relate to her professional and personal life as a teacher and writer following her 1923 appointment to the English Department faculty at Kansas State Teachers College of Pittsburg, now Pittsburg State University. The papers are arranged in six series:

Additional materials, noted below, have been catalogued as part of the Haughawout Library in Special Collections.

The Correspondence series dates from 1901 to 1964, with the bulk of the letters dated from 1926-1963. This series is arranged chronologically. It consists, almost exclusively, of letters written by Haughawout to family members, students, and colleagues. There are a few letters to Haughawout from publishers, family members, and former students. Most of the letters from 1901 to 1910, and the letters written after 1959, are from Haughawout to her sister, Emma Haughawout Smith. These letters contain family news, information about schools and travels, and accounts of gardening, housework, and social activities. Many of the letters from the 1920s are from Haughawout to John Reinecke. These letters pertain to Reinecke's poetry, events on the Pittsburg campus, news about the "Monday Nighters" and other common acquaintances, and what literature Haughawout read. Haughawout's letters continue these common themes and topics with Ray Heady in the early 1930s; Mary Jugg Molek from the mid 1930s through the mid 1950s; Gene DeGruson from the mid 1950s to early 1960s; and with Frances McKenna during the late 1950s and early 1960s.

See also Special Collections-Haughawout [816.52 H292w] Kuhel, Pat and Frank Kuhel, eds., "With Love, Margaret: The Correspondence of Margaret E. Haughawout." 2 volumes. (Pittsburg, KS, 1985).

The Publications and Manuscripts series consists of poems, short stories, articles, and reviews written by Margaret E. Haughawout. Included are manuscript copies of published and unpublished works and a few copies of publications containing her work. The materials in this series are arranged alphabetically by title.

See also Special Collections-Haughawout [811.52 H292s] Haughawout, Margaret, Sheep's Clothing (Pittsburg, KS, 1929); Haughawout, Margaret, ed. Pittsburg College Verse, 1924-1930 (Pittsburg, KS, 1930); Kuhel, Pat and Frank Kuhel, eds., "No Prissy Saint, No Vamp: The Works of Margaret E. Haughawout." 2 volumes. (Pittsburg, KS, 1984).

The Clippings series consists of newspaper clippings from 1925, 1930-1932, 1950, and 1964-1965. Included are articles about Haughawout, reviews of her books Sheep's Clothing and Pittsburg College Verse, 1924-1930, and her obituaries.

See also Special Collections-Haughawout [818.52 H292s] "Scrapbook of Clippings, Class Notes, Manuscript Poems, etc., 1930-1931."

The Photographs series includes portrait images of Margaret E. Haughawout, several photographs of her at home in Pittsburg, and several images of Haughawout with friends and in group settings. Also included are several undated photographs, a photograph of Emma Haughawout Smith as a child, and prints of the Margaret Haughawout portrait painted by Charles Cagle.

The Diaries series consists of a typed, annotated, transcription of Haughawout's diary kept in 1928 and her diary kept in 1958 and 1959. More than a daily record of activities, these diaries include poetry, her thoughts and insights, information about the books she read, and information about her travels and social activities.

See also Special Collections-Haughawout [818.52 H292Bh]. Four diaries containing holograph entries, poetry, and clippings. The entries date from 1928, 1929, 1931-1939, 1951, 1954, and 1957-1959.

The Miscellaneous series contains a few documents kept by Margaret E. Haughawout - a certificate of membership in Sigma Tau Delta, 1926; printed cards containing the signatures of Haughawout and the members of the "Monday Nighters" in 1930; and a movie flyer from the Cozy Theatre in Pittsburg advertising Claudette Colbert in "She Married Her Boss." The flyer includes a photograph of Colbert. The bulk of this series consists of correspondence, clippings, programs, scripts, photographs, and other materials relating to several publications and programs honoring Haughawout after her death and relating to the dedication of the Haughawout Room in Porter Library on the campus of Pittsburg State University. Also included are biographical and autobiographical notes about Margaret Haughawout and a Haughawout family history.


Correspondence Series

f. 1 1901
f. 2 1902
f. 3 1905-1907
f. 4 1908-1909
f. 5 1910
f. 6 1917, 1925
f. 7 1926
f. 8 1927
f. 9 1928
f. 10 1929
f. 11 1930
f. 12 1931-1932
f. 13 1933
f. 14 1937, 1939
f. 15 1940
f. 16 1941-1942
f. 17 1943-1944
f. 18 1945-1946
f. 19 1947-1949
f. 20 1950-1951
f. 21 1952-1953
f. 22 1954-1955
f. 23 1956
f. 24-25 1957
f. 26-27 1958
f. 28-30 1959
f. 31-33 1960
f. 34-38 1961
f. 39-43 1962
f. 44-45 1963
f. 46 1964

Publications and Manuscript Series

f. 47 And Yet He Seemed Bisier [sic] Than He Was (4 pp.)
f. 48 As the Sparks Fly Upward (18 pp.)
f. 49 At the Sign of the White Cock (20 pp.)
f. 50 At the Sign of the White Cock (18 pp.)
f. 51 Book Review on Modern Poetry, 1920 (2 pp.)
f. 52 Community Club Dinner Talk [poem] (1 p.)
f. 53 Crome Yellow [review] (2 pp.)
f. 54 Creative Writing - Poetry, Techne (6 pp.)
f. 55 Enter Rebanis (16 pp.)
f. 56 For Tomorrow We Die (10 pp.)
f. 57 The Fork in the Road [Earlier title of And It Came to Pass] (19 pp.)
f. 58 The Fork in the Road (21 pp.)
f. 59 Generations of Men (4 pp.)
f. 60 Hattie in Greenwich Village, Prairie Schooner (1 p.)
f. 61 Household, The Frontier (1 p.)
f. 62 If I Were Rich (3 pp.)
f. 63 I've Said Good-Bye to All That, Independent Woman (3 pp.)
f. 64 Lincoln Colcord's Vision of War [Review] (3pp.)
f. 65 Millionaire (1 p.)
f. 66 The Miracle, The Touchstone (1 p.)
f. 67 A Moment of Reckoning (7 pp.)
f. 68 A Moment of Reckoning (4 pp.)
f. 69 The Moment of Reckoning (2 pp.)
f. 70 A Moment of Reckoning (5 pp.)
f. 71 A Moment of Reckoning (5 pp.)
f. 72 A Moment of Reckoning (7 pp.)
f. 73 My Emergency Shelf (3 pp.)
f. 74 My Emergency Shelf, Holland's Magazine (1 p.)
f. 75 Not Even the Puff of a Cigarette (7 pp.)
f. 76 A Note on a Contemporary, Bulletin of the Kansas Association of Teachers of English (2 pp.)
f. 77 A Note on the Short Story (6 pp.)
f. 78 On the Walls of a Bathroom (4 pp.)
f. 79 Professor, The Literary Lantern (1 p.)
f. 80 The Real Wedding (4 pp.)
f. 81 The Real Wedding, Religious Telescope (2 pp.)
f. 82 The Reconciliation of Juley Ann (16 pp.)
f. 83 The Relapse to Nature (2 pp.)
f. 84 Serf, Prairie Schooner (1 p.)
f. 85 A Servant of Uncle Sam (18 pp.)
f. 86 Spiderwort, The Literary Lantern (1 p.)
f. 87 The Strange Interlude [Review] (7 pp.)
f. 88 To Coffee Lovers Only (3 pp.)
f. 89 Town and Gown (2 pp.)
f. 90 Town and Gown (10 pp.)
f. 91 Town and Gown (10 pp.)
f. 92 What Makes a Professional Teacher? (5 pp.)
f. 93 What Makes a Professional Teacher?, American School Board Journal (1 p.)
f. 94 Whose Ox (5 pp.)
f. 95 A Word From the Wilderness (4 pp.)
f. 96 Writer's Cramp (13 pp.)
f. 97 A Writer's Supplement to Pittsburg College Verse, 1924-1930 (54 pp.)
f. 98 You Know, Palms (1 p.)
f. 99 Transcriptions of poems written by Margaret E. Haughawout - The Book-Keepers Poem; The Boys; House to Hedge; Irrefutable; The Ivory Box; Love-New Model; Professor; Relict; Two Dressy Ladies; Two Lovers; A Vein of Racing Blood (11 pp.)

Clippings Series

f. 100 1925, 1930-1932
f. 101 1950, 1964-1965

Photographs Series

f. 102 1924, 1930s
f. 103 1946-1950
f. 104 Portrait, Emma Haughawout Smith, undated

Diaries Series

f. 105-107 1928 Diary
f. 108 1958-1959 Diary

Miscellaneous Series

f. 109 Sigma Tau Delta certificate of membership; "Monday Nighters" list; Movie flyer
f. 110 "An Evening of Poetry: Works of Margaret E. Haughawout," Fine Arts Festival, Pittsburg State University, March 1965
f. 111-117 Dedication of the Margaret E. Haughawout Room, Porter Library, Pittsburg State University, and "A Happening for Margaret E. Haughawout," 18 January 1969.

f. 118-119 Haughawout issue of Porter Library Bulletin

f. 120-121 Student Research Paper, November 1975

f. 122 Student Research Paper, May 1976. "A Look at Pittsburg College Verse, 1924- 1930 by Doris Harris
f. 123 "No Prissy Saint, No Vamp: A Monday Night with Margaret E. Haughawout," August 1984. Readings from the unpublished writings of Haughawout at Lincoln Center, Pittsburg, Kansas. Includes programs and posters.
f. 124 "With Love, Margaret: The Correspondence of Margaret E. Haughawout," August 1985. Readings from the unpublished correspondence of Haughawout at Memorial Auditorium, Pittsburg, Kansas. Includes programs and posters.
f. 125 Biographical notes and autobiographical excerpts from the correspondence of Margaret Haughawout, compiled and transcribed by Gene DeGruson.
f. 126 "A Story About the Haughawouts of Nebraska," by Dale W. Smith, August 1985.


Allen, Stella Mary
Angwin, Hugh Gordon
Arnodo, Augusta
Auslander, Joseph
Aven, Barbara
Axe, Leonard H.
Baldridge, Marie
Barzun, Jacques
Beerman, Hans
Benes, Vojta
Bennett, Ernest
Besse Hotel, Pittsburg, Kansas
Bethel, Dorothy Weede
Black, Elisabeth
Blaudin, Elsie
Bowen, Elizabeth
Brandenburg, William Aaron
Bridges, Harry
Brookings, Alice
Bryant, Lorinda Munson
Buchmann, Rose P.
Bunch, Dorothy
Burnett, Adel
Cagle, Charles.
Carlyon, Helen E.
Carrel, Alexis
Carney Hall, Pittsburg State University
Carney, Helen Kelso
Christian Science Monitor.
Cochran, Mary Elizabeth
Colbert, Claudette.
Coleman, Judy Bounds
Communist Manifesto
Cookingham, Harris
Cooper, Billy
Corporan, Harriet
Corporan, Jack
Cozy Theatre, Pittsburg, Kansas
Crawford, Nelson Antrim
DeGagne, Angela
DeGruson, Eugene H.
Dent, Dorothy Hill
Dittman, Gus
Divers, Marguerite
Donnelly, W. Howard
Draper, Edith Squire.
Dreadful People
Durant, Will
Eisenhower, Dwight D.
England, Ruth
Field, Helen Heart
Fielder, Elisabeth Rodda
Fike, Gilbert
Fitzgerald, Francis Scott Key.
Flannery, Harry
Fornelli, Ione Brunetti
Frank, Wilma Sedoris
"Free Rummage Sale"
Galligar, Gladys
Garralda, John
Garret, Edwig
Glasgow, Ellen
Goodrich, Henrietta
Gorentz, Joseph
Graham, Elmina
Grandle, H. Marion
Grapes of Wrath
Green, Robert M.
Grubbs, Ora F.
Guardia, Charles E.
Gudgen, Gretta
Gudgen, Prentice
Halda, Anilka
Haldeman-Julius, Emanuel.
Haldeman-Julius, Marcet
Haldeman-Julius, Sue
Harris, Doris
Hart, Robert
Harvey, Ted
Hashbarger, Ruth
"Hattie in Greenwich Village"
Haughawout, George Linton
Haughawout, John Franklin
Haughawout, Joseph Henderson
Haughawout, Lefferd Lease
Haughawout, Margaret Elizabeth
Hawker, Marvin
. Heady, Ray
Hearst, William Randolph.
Hentschel, Ivan
Hitler, Adolph.
Hobart, Nita McGinley
Holden, Lavon Graham
Hollingsworth, Vesta
Holmes, John Haynes
Holmes, Markwood
Homan, Edna
Hughes, Rees H.
Hull, Richard
Hunt, Maxine Boner
Jeffcoat, Averill
Jeffers, Robinson
Johnston, Leona
Jordan, Edna Dennie
Kelly, Harold
Kennedy, John F.
Kenny Nursing Home, Pittsburg, Kansas
Kirk, Arlene Bates
Klobassa Restaurant, Pittsburg, Kansas
Kriegsman, Helen F.
Lance, John
Lanyon, Elizabeth
Larkin, Eugene
Leffler, Paul B.
Lindbergh, Charles A.
Lunquest, Carl Fred
McCollister, Georgia
McKenna, Frances
Mahan, Ernest Mrs.
Mason, Kathleen
Matthews, Julia
Mayer, Arabelle Klein Moore
Mendenhall Family
Mendenhall, Marcia
Mendenhall, Paul
Mendenhall Rest Hall, Pittsburg, Kansas
Merciez, Jules
Mitchell, Elsie G.
Mitchell, Hattie Moore
Molek, Mary Jugg
Moore, David Donald
Murphy, Clarice
Nation, Odella
Newell, Sherry
Nowlan, Nora
Patterson, Rebecca.
Pennington, Walter.
Peoples, Emma
Peoples, John H.
Peterson, Nell
Peterson, Randy Kyle
Pierce, Jon
Pittsburg College Verse, 1924-1930
Pittsburg Pottery Company, Pittsburg, Kansas
Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, Kansas
"Poplars at Moonrise"
Pound, Louise
Prairie Schooner
Pratt, Willanora
Provorse, Belle
Racial discrimination
Randolph, Vance.
Read, Jack
Reed, John
Reinecke, John E.
Religious Emphasis Week, Pittsburg State University, 1952
Riggs, Agnes Minerva
Roberts, Kenneth
Roberts, Mary
Roberts, Oral.
Roosevelt, Franklin Delano.
Ross, Harold
Rugg, Harold Ordway
Sandberg, Carl.
Sandzen, Birger
Scott, Bill
Sheep's Clothing.
Shields, Ellis Gale
Shriver, Ruth
Skinner, Cornelia Otis
Small, George
Smith, Dale
Smith, Emma Susan Haughawout
Smith, Leah May
Smith, Margaret Jones
Snedden, Ethelwyn Mendenhall
Sopiano, Cleo
Sperry, Theodore
Stamm, Ruth
Steinbeck, John.
Sterling, George
Stevenson, Adlai.
Stickley, Leona K.
Stier, Helen
Strawn, Pearl Garrison
Strawn, Robertson
Strong, L. A. G.
Tanis, Norman
Tate, James.
Taylor, Mary Meeker
Television, 1950s
Truman, Margaret.
University of Nebraska, Lincoln. , 1901
Waggoner, Siegfried
Waiting for Godot
Ward, May Williams
Weber, Margaret
Weede, Ethyl Porter
Weede, Garfield
Welles, Orson.
Wilson, Ira G.
Wimberly, Lowry C.
Windes, Bess
Wolfe, Humbert
Woods, Ruth Scott
Woolf, Virginia.
World War, 1941-1945.
York, Edward

Selected local material

Books & Other Publications

Last Modified: Jan 12, 2007 - 09:58

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